Architecture Bitstream (.xml)

OpenFPGA can output the generic bitstream to an XML format, which is easy to debug. As shown in the following XML code, configuration bits are organized block by block, where each block could be a LUT, a routing multiplexer etc. Each bitstream_block includes the following information:

  • name represents the instance name which you can find in the fabric netlists

  • hierarchy_level represents the depth of this block in the hierarchy of the FPGA fabric. It always starts from 0 as the root.

  • hierarchy represents the location of this block in FPGA fabric. The hierachy includes the full hierarchy of this block

    • instance denotes the instance name which you can find in the fabric netlists

    • level denotes the depth of the block in the hierarchy

  • input_nets represents the path ids and net names that are mapped to the inputs of block. Unused inputs will be tagged as unmapped which is a reserved word of OpenFPGA. Path id corresponds the selected path_id in the <bitstream> node.

  • output_nets represents the path ids and net names that are mapped to the outputs of block. Unused outputs will be tagged as unmapped which is a reserved word OpenFPGA.

  • bitstream represents the configuration bits affiliated to this block.

    • path_id denotes the index of inputs which is propagated to the output. Note that smallest valid index starts from zero. Only routing multiplexers have the path index. Unused routing multiplexer will not have a path_id of -1, which allows bitstream assembler to freely find the best path in terms of Quality of Results (QoR). A used routing multiplexer should have a zero or positive path_id.

    • bit denotes a single configuration bit under this block. It contains

      • memory_port the memory port name which you can find in the fabric netlists by following the hierarchy.

      • value a binary value which is the configuration bit assigned to the memory port.

<bitstream_block name="fpga_top" hierarchy_level="0">
  <!-- Bitstream block of a 4-input Look-Up Table in a Configurable Logic Block (CLB) -->
  <bitstream_block name="grid_clb_1_1" hierarchy_level="1">
    <bitstream_block name="logical_tile_clb_mode_clb__0" hierarchy_level="2">
      <bitstream_block name="logical_tile_clb_mode_default__fle_0" hierarchy_level="3">
        <bitstream_block name="logical_tile_clb_mode_default__fle_mode_n1_lut4__ble4_0" hierarchy_level="4">
          <bitstream_block name="logical_tile_clb_mode_default__fle_mode_n1_lut4__ble4_mode_default__lut4_0" hierarchy_level="5">
            <bitstream_block name="lut4_config_latch_mem" hierarchy_level="6">
                <instance level="0" name="fpga_top"/>
                <instance level="1" name="grid_clb_1_1"/>
                <instance level="2" name="logical_tile_clb_mode_clb__0"/>
                <instance level="3" name="logical_tile_clb_mode_default__fle_0"/>
                <instance level="4" name="logical_tile_clb_mode_default__fle_mode_n1_lut4__ble4_0"/>
                <instance level="5" name="logical_tile_clb_mode_default__fle_mode_n1_lut4__ble4_mode_default__lut4_0"/>
                <instance level="6" name="lut4_config_latch_mem"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[0]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[1]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[2]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[3]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[4]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[5]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[6]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[7]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[8]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[9]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[10]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[11]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[12]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[13]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[14]" value="0"/>
                <bit memory_port="mem_out[15]" value="0"/>

  <!-- More bitstream blocks -->

  <!-- Bitstream block of a 2-input routing multiplexer in a Switch Block (SB) -->
  <bitstream_block name="sb_0__2_" hierarchy_level="1">
    <bitstream_block name="mem_right_track_0" hierarchy_level="2">
        <instance level="0" name="fpga_top"/>
        <instance level="1" name="sb_0__2_"/>
        <instance level="2" name="mem_right_track_0"/>
        <path id="0" net_name="unmapped"/>
        <path id="1" net_name="unmapped"/>
        <path id="0" net_name="unmapped"/>
      <bitstream path_id="-1">
        <bit memory_port="mem_out[0]" value="0"/>
        <bit memory_port="mem_out[1]" value="0"/>